Dry Mouth

Providers

“Xerostomia, the subjective complaint of dry mouth, and hyposalivation remain a significant burden for many individuals. Diagnosis of xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction is dependent upon a careful and detailed history and thorough oral examination. There exist many options for treatment and symptom management: salivary stimulants, topical agents, saliva substitutes, and systemic sialogogues.

dry-mouth.png

Chronic xerostomia remains a significant burden for many individuals. In particular, it may affect speech, chewing, swallowing, denture-wearing, and general well-being.


Xerostomia secondary to hyposalivation may also result in rampant dental caries, oral fungal infections (e.g., candidiasis), taste changes, halitosis, or burning mouth. The most frequent cause of hyposalivation is the use of certain medications (such as anticoagulants, antidepressants, antihypertensives, antiretrovirals, hypoglycemics, levothyroxine, multivitamins and supplements, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and steroid inhalers) followed by radiotherapy to the head and neck, and Sjögren’s syndrome. Other factors include depression, anxiety and stress, or malnutrition.” (Villa,2015)

Additional Resources to help guide healthcare providers in the treatment of xerostomia and hyposalivation: 

You may also wish to read about:

Image reference: Dry tongue in Sjogren's syndrome. Photography. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016.quest-eb-com.ccriezp.idm.oclc.org/search/132_1268119/1/132_1268119/cite. Accessed 25 Sep 2021.
 

DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE

The information on the Rhode Island Cancer and Oral Health Resource Guide, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images, and other external materials are for informational purposes only. The Partnership to Reduce Cancer in Rhode Island does not provide medical advice. The information on this website is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.